With the rapid urbanization and development of big cities and towns, the graph of crimes is also on the increase. This phenomenal rise in offences and crime in cities is a matter of great concern and alarm to all of us. There are robberies, murders, rapes and what not.
The frequent and repeated thefts, burglaries, robberies, murders, killings, rapes, shoplifting, pick pocketing, drug- abuse, illegal trafficking, smuggling, theft of vehicles etc., have made the common citizens to have sleepless nights and restless days. They feel very insecure and vulnerable in the presence of anti-social and evil elements. The criminals have been operating in an organised way and sometimes even have nationwide and international connections and links.
The political links of the criminals have complicated the matters. Kidnappers, rapists, murderers, smugglers and such other criminals are indulging in their crimes under the wings and protection of the political leaders. Steps should be taken to curb and eliminate this dangerous trend. The masses should rise to fight political patronage of criminals. Corrupt politicians should be denied party tickets and party positions.
Read more: Essay About Crime Rate Increase
Recently the Tan door Murder case shocked the whole country, and now the Balboa Srivastava case and involvement of many leaders has come to light rich men and their wards are being kidnapped openly for ransom. Old, retired and lonely men and women living in posh colonies are easy targets of these criminals. The servants murder their masters and decamp with their booty. The old men and women cannot do without domestic help and servants. And writher turn, the servants are killing and murdering them. The police and the administration are to be blamed for the deterioration of law and order in the cities. Precious little is being done to check these very serious crimes. Sometimes, policemen are a party to these crimes. They get their share of the loot.
The crime situation in other metropolitan cities like Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras etc. is almost the same. Crimes are being committed in an organised manner. Criminals have turned professionals and can be hired by anyone who can pay them handsomely, Well educated young men, belonging to good families have been found involved in many a crime. Some criminals get a hint from Indian and foreign films and TV serials. If they succeed in committing one crime successfully, they become fabulously rich. They find it worth all the trouble and risk.
Mumbai is notorious for prostitution, and child abuse. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India. To it also goes the distinction of being the centre of economic offences. Land, arms and drug mafias have a well spread network there. They finance and help the production of magi mega budget films and have secret political links and influences. Mushrooming of slum colonies has also given rise in the rate of crimes in the cities. Mumbai has the largest slums. Mumbai is dotted with shanty townships. These slums and huge hopers are dens of all sorts of crimes.
Other big cities and towns are not far behind in the matter of crimes. Child Criminals age also on rise. Children begin with petty crimes and then turn out notorious criminals in young age. Violence, Killings, murders, rape scenes etc., in films have helped in spread of crimes in children.
They imitate what they see in films and TV serials. Unemployment and frustration among youth have contributed much to the rise in crimes. Unless these problems are solved, no significant achievements can be made in curbing crimes. Moreover, the police force and intelligence agencies should be made more efficient and effective. Police people should have a human face and be friendly to seek cooperation of the public. There should be no violation of human rights while dealing with criminals. Moreover is with sympathy, it care arid human approach that many a criminal can become useful citizen
Growing Crime Rate in India!
The factors which hinder the adjustment process also explain the causes and consequences of crime. Indian society has its own unique character, and the phenomenon of crime needs to be seen in terms of its peculiar nature. To understand juvenile delinquency, one must analyse the socialisation process, peer group influence, and the structure of delinquent gangs. The crucial variables in delinquency are age, sex and status of the family.
India has witnessed rapid socio-economic changes since independence. Various institutions have been created and recreated due to structural and cultural changes over the past six decades. White-collar crime has acquired new dimensions. Political institutions have changed very rapidly and cultural norms have not kept pace with them. Hence, there is a ‘cultural lag’ in today’s India.
Aspirations for status elevation have also increased in recent years. A number of people have adopted malpractices to acquire high status. Economic unevenness among different sections of society has been caused partly by the social heritage of the people and partly by the processes of modernisation and change. The status hiatus created by these factors has been responsible for creating situations of crime and delinquency.
Socialisation and crime are correlated. A man learns both positive and negative roles as a member of a society. Dysfunctional roles are imbibed by those members who are subjected to tension. conflict, dissension and defection rather than peace, harmony, cooperation and stability. Attitudes towards one’s own life and towards those of others are determined by these factors in the process of socialisation.
Power has also become a source of crime for the privileged sections of society. There is a tendency among powerful persons to abuse their influence and authority. Several cases of rape and murder have been reported by wards of influential persons and political heavyweights in the recent past. White-collar crime is a phenomenon found among the educated people engaged in trade, professions and government services.
The Police Research and Development Bureau has reported murder, homicide, adulteration of medicines, abduction, rape, dacoity, loot, burglary, theft, rioting, forgery, embezzlement and breach of trust as the major criminal activities. In 1981-82, about 85 per cent of crimes were related to burglary, dacoity and thievery. A number of crimes also remain unreported in the police records, particularly in the rural areas. Thus, crime in India is mainly against property.
This does not mean that all criminals are necessarily at the bottom of social and economic hierarchies. Economic offences and crimes are committed more often by the economically well-off and well-placed people in society.
Tax evasion, smuggling and bribery are some of the common crimes committed by members of the upper strata of society. India being a developing country has a new institutional set-up employing lakhs of people. Since the poor are ignorant and weak, the white-collar workers indulge in bribery and corrupt practices. Corruption has become a dangerous threat to both the Indian state and society.
Let us have an idea of the current crime situation in India. As per the National Crime and Research Bureau, the Indian Penal Code (IPC) classifies crimes against property, public order, economic crimes, crimes against women, children, etc.
Besides the IPC, the Special Local Laws (SLL) also take cognizance of crime. During 2001-2005, more than 50 lahk cases were registered as cognizable crimes. In 2004, there were 60, 28,781 cases, whereas in 2005, the decline in crime was quite marked as there were 50, 26,337 cases of cognizable crimes. During 2001-2003, the number varied between 53 and 55 lakh cases.
It may not be possible to discuss minutely the patterns of crime in different states. However, some trends may be reported here. In 2005, there were 698 districts in the country, 13 districts out of them have reported more than 10,000 crimes annually, while 80 districts have reported crimes between 5,001 and 10,000, and a bulk of them (605) have reported less than 5,000 crimes, annually. The following table shows the districts which have above 10,000 crimes in 2005.
It is evident that Mumbai has reported the highest incidence of crime during 2005. Data from other districts indicate that Patna recorded the highest number of murder (436), robbery (633) and dacoity (127). Bhatinda in Punjab had the highest cases of culpable homicide (73). The highest incidence of kidnapping and abduction (572) was reported from the North-West District of Delhi. Mumbai city has reported the highest incidence of burglary (3,175), theft (11,903), including auto theft, and criminal breach of trust (536).
Hyderabad recorded the highest cases of cheating (1,880), sexual harassment (348), and cruelty by husbands/relatives (1,309). Rape cases (236) were highest in Mushirabad of West Bengal. Mallapuram in Kerala has reported highest number of incidents of riots (629). Nadia in West Bengal has reported highest incidence of importation of girls (60). The hurt cases were maximum (4,424) in Jabalpur of Madhya Pradesh. Besides these cases under the IPC, there were very large number of cases and incidences of crime (32, 03,735) under the SLL in the year 2005. Fluctuation in crime rate has also been noted during 2001-2005.
The following table shows rate of violent crimes during 2001-2005:
The table indicates that the rate of total violent crimes has declined during 2001-2003, and increased in 2004, followed by decrease in 2005. Compared to 2004, in 2005 a decrease of 2.9 per cent was recorded. A glance at the crime data relating to different states indicate that personal vendetta (11.8%) and property disputes (8.6%) were the main two causes of murders. Love intrigues (7.4%), gain (4.5%), dowry (3.2%) and atrocities by terrorists/extremists (3.1%) were the other main reasons. Maharashtra has reported 60.8 per cent murders due to ‘class conflict’.
‘Casteism’ was the cause of murders (42.5%) in Bihar. Political rivalries accounted for 36.3 per cent, property disputes for 23.9 per cent, and gain for 22.5 per cent as the other motives behind violent crimes in Bihar. Terrorism in Jammu & Kashmir, witchcraft and love affairs in Andhra Pradesh, and communalism and lunacy in Chhattisgarh were recorded as the more significant reasons compared to other states. Rape, kidnapping and dacoity have been reported as a macro phenomenon.