Arguably, technology has changed various aspects of human activities. As a matter of fact, many beliefs that technologies have brought a lot of tremendous developments that are more applicable and influential to human beings. Cloning and genetic engineering are among the many developments issues brought by technology. Many view that the development of genetic engineering and cloning holds the potential to solve several humankind problems. On the other hand, the development of these aspects is seen as the potential that is building and developing unchecked dangers. Hence, these views present both the positive and negative impacts of genetic engineering as a method of improving the circumstance of humans. Generally, cloning and genetic engineering opens an entire realm of issues related to biology, allowing scientists to be in a position of helping human beings, but these issues are not without negative impacts on humans.
Cloning and genetic engineering have improved and solved various human circumstances n the world today. In fact, cloning finds many of its application in amplification of DNA, genetic fingerprinting, as well as modification of genetic makeup in humans. As a matter of fact, cloning through genetic makeup leads to introduction of positive traits in humans, and the elimination of undesirable traits. Perhaps, cloning and genetic engineering has improved and solved the life of humans through human organs development; hence, the life’s of people has been made safer and longer. One of the arguments for cloning is that it helps in organ replacement. Whereby, vital human organs in the human body are cloned to serve as backup operating system in the body of human beings. The presence of cloning is one of the lifesavers, for example, when some of the body organs such as heart and kidney fails, it can be replaced through cloning of the body organ (Nicholl, 2008).
Genetic engineering has tremendous use in production of food. In the third world countries many people are suffering from malnutrition and hunger; hence, genetic engineering has come to solve these human problems. Undeniably, the world population is tremendously expanding meaning food supply will automatically reduce due to high demand. GMO (Genetically modified food) is a solution to this human problem. This is because genetically modified food has the power to resist herbicides and pesticides, thereby leading to a reduction of pollutant chemicals in the environment. In addition, GMO manufacture has the power to make their pesticides that send off insects. The end results of these characteristics are the increment of yield, which automatically reduces starvation in the globe (Stanley, 2000).
Through genetic engineering, gene therapy has been made possible making it a convenient method to eliminate human problems. Gene therapy is used in treatment of genetic diseases affecting humans; this is carried out through genetic modification. Proponents assert that gene therapy has helped humans because it is cost effective and reasonable method of treating various gene diseases. The process does not require to be administered continuously meaning it is remarkably efficient. As a matter of fact, genetic engineering methods eliminate human suffering due to fatal, painful and debilitating genetic diseases. Germ-line gene therapy is also possible because of genetic engineering; this refers to the replacement or removal of faulty genes. Perhaps, it eliminates costly and destructive disease from the populace. Hence, proponents believe it is the best method to curb and eliminate human suffering (Russell, 2012).
In addition, cloning and genetic engineering has led to rejuvenation in human life. Advocates of cloning assert that this type of technology help in getting rid of all physical body issues that come up with age. For example, it eliminates wriggles among the old people leading to emotional and psychological. Moreover, humans who have burns and injuries in their body are the greatest beneficiaries of cloning. They have a chance of receiving skin tissues that eliminate the burns. In some cases, human beings are infertile and cannot have children. Cloning is one of the solutions to most infertile couples (Nicholl, 2008). Couples undergo emotional and physical pain when undergoing infertility treatment; cloning eliminates these problems, putting them in a situation to have children that are genetically theirs. Cloning is also helpful in the genetic research, this is because the technology behind cloning enables researchers to understand the effects of genes that humans have, and composition of genes. In a wider perspective, cloning helps in eliminating genetic diseases.
On the other hand, scholars and scientists assert that cloning comes with some negative impacts to humans. In fact, to many, cloning interferes with the natural process of creating children. The modification that takes place in humans may lead to the creation of smarter humans, which become problematic to those who are not products of cloning. Cloning does not give room to natural gene diversity to take place; cloning is only there to produce identical genes, meaning it hinders the process of gene replication, thus impeding diversity of genes. Hence, the beauty that lies on diversity and ability to adapt is eliminated. Family structure is important to the life of humans but cloning totally destabilizes the structure of family. Cloning is there to invite malpractices among medical practitioners and in society (Stanley, 2000). Hence, based on human ethic cloning takes away the ethical issues that are crucial to human, it devalues humans and the entirely undermines the importance of human existence.
Genetic engineering influences the life of humans negatively. The use of genetically modified food is believed to react with the human body in negative ways. In fact, the side effects are unknown, but it has been demonstrated has a factor that increases the risk to human health by causing cancer and other human diseases. Furthermore, genetic engineering corrupts the supply of food in the globe (Russell, 2012). Many companies have utilized the production of food using technology, whereby they focus on profits at the expense of human health. Genetic engineering will create organisms that human beings will not have defense against, leading to evolution chaos.
Conclusively, technology in the globe is a double-edged-sword, which needs to be taken care of responsibly. Cloning and genetic engineering are outcomes of technology; hence, it has both positive and negative impacts on the issues of humans. Proponents in support of cloning and genetic engineering assert that it is one method that holds the potential to eradicate and solve humankind problems. On a positive note, genetic engineering and cloning improve human circumstances by reducing food shortage, treating diseases, reducing costs, solving infertility problems, curbs human suffering, increases lifespan, as well as eliminating physical damages such as burns and wrinkles. These changes cause by cloning and genetic engineering has changed human live positively. On the other hand…
Genetic Engineering Essay
993 Words4 Pages
There are many manipulations that humans have done to the environment throughout history in order to benefit mankind. As technology has increased many of these manipulations have begun to take place on a larger scale resulting in more drastic changes to the environment. The first manipulations humans used to benefit themselves were farming and domestication of animals. This was very basic manipulation to the environment and did not make drastic changes to the environment. It was not until the industrial revolution that pollution and people’s negative effects on the environment became very apparent. New technology allowed for people to make changes that could possibly be irreversible upon the environment. With…show more content…
Other methods of Cloning up until Dolly used cloning by splitting embryos to create twins, or using artificial insemination. One of the downsides to cloning using this method is that the clones begin to age a lot faster making it impossible to repeat the process by making clones of clones of clones and so on. The problem arises that because there is less of a DNA strand passed on through the aged clones, the clones become more susceptible to mutation. Another negative effect of cloning is the prevention of evolution, in particular the immune system. Through sexual reproduction the evolved immune system is inherited by the offspring. Clones don’t get that new immune system. This makes clones susceptible to the same germs of the previous generation. "Without sex we’d soon be toast for germs. And cloned, genetically identical cows would be sitting ducks for epidemics." (Rantala, 189)
Biological warfare is one of the obviously negative effects of genetic engineering. By manipulating bacteria or viruses, a biologist can turn relatively harmless virus such as the flu into a deadly virus. If one of these altered viruses is to be released into the public, the consequences could be hundreds of times worse than the plagues that have affected humans throughout history. These viruses are so