A CV ought to demonstrate all of your skills. Ideally, you will be able to link your key skills to workplace experience, but if this is not possible then try to cite ways in which you have used them outside of employment situations.
Most key skills fall into one of three categories:
- Transferable skills. These are skills which have been acquired in one setting but can be used in many different sorts of businesses.
- Job-related skills. These skills are specific to a certain line of employment or trade and may require you to have received training to perform.
- Adaptive skills. These sorts of aptitudes are sometimes less obvious and harder to quantify because they rely on personality traits rather than learning.
Let's look at each of these in turn and see how you might address them in your CV.
Everyone has transferable skills even if they don't recognise them as such. Sometimes, your current employer won't make it obvious that the skills you have acquired with them are transferable because they don't necessarily want you to realise how employable you are elsewhere.
Typical transferable skills you may already possess are:
- Reading or writing related skills. This means being able to digest written information and present it in written form as well.
- Computer skills. If you have aptitude with computers and common office programmes then consider this to be a transferable skill.
- Management experience. If you have managed people before then you could transfer this experience to benefit another type of employer.
- Commercial skills. People who can negotiate and handle figures like turnover and gross profit often possess the sort of business acumen which is sought after in many organisations.
- Deadline success. Being able to work to deadlines is something that doesn't happen in all jobs, but if you are used to it then this is a key transferable skill desired in many companies.
- Of course there are other types of transferable skill. Think of them as aptitudes that can function equally well in multiple industrial sectors. Mention them in your CV as you have picked them up throughout your employment history.
Job-related key skills
More specific than transferable skills, job-related ones can get you work with another employer who needs them. Despite this, transferable skills won't necessarily be of use to employers outside of the sector you already work in.
Examples of job-related skills are:
- Brick laying. Although many construction firms need brick laying skills, it is unlikely you will be able to use this skill to find work outside of the building sector.
- Nursing skills. Being a qualified nurse shows you have certain transferable skills like being caring or organised, but nursing itself is a job-related skill which only really works in the healthcare sector.
- Mechanical engineering. Being able to work and repair engines is a job-related skill. It may mean you can transfer into related sectors but probably only within similar roles unless you have other transferable skills to offer.
- Accountancy qualifications. Bookkeeping and accountancy roles are on offer within a wide range of organisations which presents plenty of job choice. However, this job-related skill narrows down that choice to certain types of jobs only.
Although there are nearly as many job-related skills as there are jobs, try not to think of them as restricting what you can do. If you do feel trapped by your job-related skills and have trouble breaking out into new areas of work, then acquire some new ones by enrolling on a training course.
Remember that many job-related skills imply transferable ones so they are always worth mentioning. It is best to add any courses or qualifications that are pertinent to your job-related skills in education section of your CV.
Ideal skills for CV personal statements or even a cover letter, adaptive skills can also be listed in your work experience if you prefer. Think about the sort of personality you have when discussing your adaptive skills. Some of the key ones to look out for include:
- Team working. Not everyone is a team player, but team working is an important adaptive skill that many employers are looking for.
- Loyalty. Been in your job for a long time and seen it through thick and thin? This is an adaptive skill to mention on your CV.
- Positivity. If you are the sort of person who sees the glass as half full and not half empty, then this shows your positivity. Employers tend to favour positive people so mention this as an adaptive skill.
- Creativity. Some jobs cry out for creative people. If you paint, play music or are even good at telling jokes, then this may show off your creative skills.
- Adaptability. Being flexible is something we all need in the workplace from time to time, but some are better at it than others so don't discount your adaptability as a skill.
- Tenacity. Taking ownership of problems and seeing them through is a key skill in many organisations. If you can demonstrate this from your past career, then include it on your CV.
- Although adaptive skills may seem like the least important ones to mention because they are not specific to the job you are applying for, they can often mark you out from another candidate. Don't overlook the importance of your blend of adaptive skills which is as unique as you are.
Be proud of the skills that you have and see each and every one as a way to progress in your career.
A personal statement is a well laid out extension essay about you during an application. It can be used in CV’s or when applying for University entry or even in workplaces. The primary objective of the statement of purpose is selling you to the reader for the purpose of winning whatever your application talks about. The aim of writing a personal statement is to differentiate you from other people in a similar application category leaving the reader with a great impression increasing your chances of getting what you want. It is a platform where you can flaunt your impeccable achievements, strengths or even share your aspirations in cases of careers without being cliché or filling clutter.
It is the same case with students who apply for vacancies in different courses. Students can perfectly express their thoughts, show their skills and experiences and stand out when the admissions tutors go through their personal statements. Whatever is written there determines who got the chance and ho misses. However, there are certain guidelines that you need to follow to come up with a perfect personal statement.
10 things you must have in your Personal Statement:
- Give reasons for wanting to take a particular course
You are expected to be straightforward and specific from the word go. You should write about what motivates you to take the chosen course at the university level. Talk about the growth of your interest in that particular field, the inspiration you draw from your current studies and what you doing or have done to pursue it. It is vital to show enthusiasm and be reasonable not to deviate from the main subject.
- Give valid reason showing the course is right for you
Here, you are required to provide evidence that illustrates that you are fit for the course. Also, it’s time to show your prowess in research by making the admission tutor understand that other than meeting the selection criteria, you have done a prior research of the course and understands the involvements of the course. It is similar when it comes to a profession. You apply the same tactics and understand what is required and what the profession entails.
- Show your achievements outside the class
Explaining how far you have gone to pursue interests in your chosen course beyond your syllabus increases your award chances. It could be further readings you have taken on the subject. Writing a list won’t give you extra points and therefore giving reflective opinions and critical views really count. Your source of information could be websites, journals, documentaries, films, books, periodicals, newspapers, radio programmes, lectures, and blogs among other channels. It is necessary to avoid the obvious kind of reading because everyone else will have it mentioned.
- Show relevance to your course
Here, you have to reflect on past experiences. You have to explain what you have gained from m them and how helpful they have been in nurturing your interest in the given subject. Whatever the experiences, they don’t have to be overly fancy. They could be volunteering activities, theatre or gallery visits, math’s challenge, work experience, outreach programmes, summer schools, travel, and university taster sessions, local courts visits, archaeological digs or museums.
- Show relevance to your chosen profession
Reflecting on relevant observations and experiences is necessary for various professional courses where in some cases you are as well expected to apply for a career course. A mere description is not enough; therefore, you have to reflect on your experiences in depth. Explain the relevant skills the [profession requires and talk about how you have come to learn about them. Also, explain how you have developed the said skills.
Talk about the different environments, what spotted and the experiences in regards to the profession. You can also give an observation of carious qualities exhibited by profession staff and how helpful they were in fulfilling effective engagements with clients, service-users or their patients.
- Demonstrate transferable skills
The admissions tutor will be glad to hear about your transferable skills. Such skills could be:
- Impeccable organizational skills
- Good leadership skills
- Good listening and communication skills
- Ability to work independently
- Good time management skills
- Problem-solving skills
- Expound on your relevant skills
You just don’t make a list of every skill you think you have without thinking about its relevance. You have to think about the skills that readily relate best to the chosen course or profession. Demonstrating how you have developed them, used and you are continuing to strengthen them will be a plus for you. Specific examples are relevant and that’s what most admission tutors will want to hear. Such are:
- The role you played in projects and assignments and the positive outcome drawn from them.
- Your positions of responsibilities, your achievements, and boost of your self-confidence
- learning Experiences derived from drama, music or sports, and how it was working as a team
- Talk about your biggest challenges and how you overcame them
- Show the skills you have demonstrated when doing a part-time job or volunteer activities. You can talk about your observations and the extra skills gained.
- Show your critical thinking skills
University gives way to free and independent thinking and therefore, showing you are an independent and a critical thinker is a big bonus for you. You can talk about how your various A-level subjects have made you think critically. It is not only limited to that, it can be additional subjects you are taking such as EPQ, a place, an assignment and anything else that has helped you develop the kind of thinking you got. If you are taking extra subjects like extended project qualification (EPQ), it is important to state that because University takes such kind of study.
- Your long-term plans
It is critical to talk about your long-term goals and objectives. You can lay them down in an interesting way which will require you to that a specific path. Whichever way you choose, make sure you show some aspects of imagination and individuality. Find a way to make you stand out from the crowd. Just mentioning what career expert you want to become plainly won’t add you any point.
If you are not sure, don’t write any irrelevant thing that might cost you a chance. You can talk about your expectations in the university and what you desire to gain from the varsity life.
When applying for a deferred entry, it is vital to state the period you intend to take out. Most courses appreciate when a student takes a gap year, however, they will want to know about your plans during the gap year.
Getting started on your personal statement can be a hassle. It should not get you in a panic mode or anxiety. Begin writing about your strength, be enthusiastic about the course and have a positive vibe about yourself.
Personal Statement Examples and Personal Statement Templates
As mentioned earlier, Personal statements give you a limelight to shine, show your achievements, strength and share your profession aspirations with a hiring-board or manager. Having boring business speak or filling the whole personal essay with clutter will be termed as a common type of personal statement and end up sounding like everybody else out there.
It is necessary to take some time and research on the dos and don’ts and create a perfect personal statement. They can be written in different scenarios. Listed are examples of personal statements from different angles. They can be helpful in assisting you to come up with an outstanding personal statement.
Career Break Personal Statement
People have different reasons as to why they would want to take a career break. It can be due to a long-term illness, traveling or parental leave. One can find it a hassle to put down such in a CV. However, the worst mistake that you can make is to leave it out in your CV. Failure to address such issues on a CV is a mistake that can cost you.
When coming up with a personal statement, you can answer the following questions:
- Who you are
- Why you have chosen that career
- Skills and important things you can bring to the company
A career break can be mentioned in this section, however, taking a lot of space is not recommended. Your cover letter is the place to give detailed information about it. You can use your personal statement to explain and focus on your career’s success before taking your break.
Career Break Personal Statement Example:
“I am an experienced (put your role) and currently seeking a chance of getting back to my career after taking the last (Insert a number of years/ duration) as a dedication to raise my family. Having worked for (X) years as an (insert your previous role) helped me gained great knowledge, experience, and skills valuable in this industry. I have further taken and completed (state a course or work experience) to refresh my skills and therefore am fully committed to continuing with my professional career full time.”
Personal Statement Example
A personal statement is important when you have decided to make changes in your career path. It gives you a chance to market your transferable skills that are relevant to your new role or in the industry. It is vital to make sure talk about your primary skills, give reasons for the career change and show enthusiasm to the new career.
Personal Statement template for Job:
“Am an enthusiastic professional person who has chosen to take a new challenging career after working for (X) years as an (insert profession/role) I am a hard worker and achieves to give the best in the designated areas. I am open to learning new skills and eager to grasp positive things and advance in my profession. I have taken a course (talk about work experience or a course) and successfully completed as a preparation for my career change. I am keen and eager to build on skills, knowledge, and experience in this sector. Being a self –driven individual, I will follow my aspirations of becoming (insert new job/career) within this n industry.”
School Leaver Personal Statement Example
It is critical to note that personal statements are tailored according to the given situations. Using 50-150 words, you need to explain to the hiring manager the reason for wanting this role, why you are interested in this industry, your career aspirations and what skills you possess to perform the role diligently and effectively.
As a school leaver, coming up with a personal statement might be a hard task. You may be stuck at the previous employment/ work experience and achievements part. Instead of taking the space and emphasizing and relating a job you did after school to the new career, it is recommended that you pay more attention to your academic achievements and skills gained throughout your school and education life.
School Leaver Personal Statement Template
“I am an enthusiastic school leaver who has achieved five GCSEs and is seeking for an apprenticeship in the (mention career/job) field. I possess excellent verbal and goof writing skills and an interest in (field) which has geared my interests in the field further. (You can mention and explain about the achievements you have had in your various subjects or projects that are relevant to your desired industry or career.)”
Graduate Personal Statement Template or Ph.D. Personal Statement Template
A graduate personal statement and a school leaver personal statement are similar in that they tend to focus more on the education part and not the employment history. However, a graduate personal statement should lay more emphasis on skills gained at the university level as well as your higher education.
As a graduate, you have to make sure that your personal statement catches the attention of recruiter quickly through an easy identification of your transferable skills as well as your education.
Graduate Personal Statement Example or Ph.D. Personal Statement Example
“I am a recent graduate from (X) university having attained a 2:1 honors degree in (Mention your course) I have done my internships in( mention organizations) that are leading organizations in the industry. During this time, I gained knowledge and experience on the industry as well transferable skills that are relevant in this sector. My career objective is to pursue a role that allows me to gain, more skills and knowledge as well as become more responsible in an innovative an market leading company. “